Balloon kyphoplasty: A minimally invasive procedure that fills the fractured bone with cement and relieves back pain
Vertebral body: the bones in the back
Compression fracture: A flattening of the bones in the back which usually cause significant pain
Most common cause of compression fractures is osteoporosis, however other causes include tumors, infection and trauma.
As with any surgery there are small, but possible complications. For kyphoplasty these include:
The surgeon makes a 3 mm incision on one side of the back and a small tube is passed into the bone using x-ray guidance. Next a balloon is passed into the vertebral body and is inflated to provide room for the special cement. The liquid cement is inserted which quickly hardens. This procedure is usually repeated on the other side of the back. It is routine for the surgeon to collect a bone specimen (biopsy) studies to make sure the bone does not have evidence of tumor or infection. The procedure takes 45 minutes to 1 hour for a single level. Patients usually go home the next day.
You may have some soreness at the incision site immediately after surgery and will be encouraged to rest. However, you will be encouraged to walk the next day. Some patients may be encouraged to wear a lumbar brace for back support as the back heals.
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